Surveying the quality of life and its dimensions among kidney recipient patients referred to the sina organ procurement unit in 2021
Marzieh Latifi1, Elahe Pourhosein1, Elnaz Eskandarzadeh1, maryam Pourhosein1, Arefeh Jafarian2, Sanaz Dehghani1,2.
1Organ Procurement Unit, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of); 2Iranian Tissue Bank & Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Introduction: The quality of life (QOL) is considered as a one of the most important methods for evaluation of treatment and care. In this regard, the aim of this study was identify the quality of life and its dimensions and the relational pattern between demographic characteristic and dimensions of QOL.
Method: The sample consisted of 94 patients who kidney transplanted from cadaveric donation referred to Sina hospital of Tehran university of medical sciences. Subjects answered 2 section questionnaires: (1) Demographic characteristic, (2) Standard instrument of QOL related to health (SF36) contains 36 questions that assess eight aspects of health quality of life: physical functioning, role-physical functioning, bodily pain, general health, vitality, social functioning, role-emotional functioning, and mental health. All data collected by one trained transplant coordinator who worked directly with these patients. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and inferential statistics (ANOVA, T test, chi square, and linear regression).
Result: From the total numbers of patients, 27 (28.7%) were female, 78(83 %) were married, 34(36.2 %) were under diploma and 32(34 %) were freelance worker. The mean and SD were showed in Table 1.
Significant differences between men and women were found for quality of life scores. The results showed that sex, level of education were meaningful relationship with QOL. The mean of QOL in participation were undesirable.
Conclusion: Almost half of kidney recipients were not have acceptable quality of life all dimensions, it is suggested that follow up and management should take care of bio- psycho- social support in transplantation patients for improving quality of life in this patients.
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