Gender and transplantation. The impact of the social role of gender and its implications in the process of health-illness and care
Graciela Gambina1, Elizabeth Vicente1, Rubén Schiavelli1, Andrea Panadero1, Elisa Pedrazzoli1.
1Social Services, Hospital General de Agudos, Dr. Cosme Argerich, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Introduction: It is well known that an illness, in most cases, entails an interruption in the process of health-illness-attention and care of people (PSEAC). However, research from a gender perspective has shown several differences in the ways men and women experience illness and adhere to treatment.
Objective: From our experience as social workers, we intend to know how gender roles impact on the process of health, attention and care of people with a chronic pathology, and how they affect daily life as a whole. In order to carry out the study, an interview sample of patients in the pre-transplant stage were conducted by the Social Workers, who work in the Renal and Liver Transplant Services of the Hospital General de Agudos of the City of Buenos Aires. Period: June 2021 to February 2022.
Methodology: Through a gender perspective, a qualitative study was conducted using the ethnographic method (Guber, 2001), the discourses collected in semi-structured interviews with patients attended by these teams were categorized, interpreted and analyzed.
Results: From the analysis of the interviews, it is observed that, as a result of their illness, men see their work, recreational and social tasks affected, while women, conversely, have a greater impact on their domestic, care and parenting activities. This reflects the organization of care within households, which depends mainly on the non-remunerated work carried out, to a greater extent, by women. Thus, chronic renal and hepatic pathologies not only affect women, but also disrupt the dynamics and organization of care within a family group, as well as the daily life of women and their family members, impacting the process of their treatment, recovery and health care.
Conclusions: From our understanding, the gender perspective, which provides us with a new perspective on how to address health problems, offers health teams the opportunity to create spaces capable of strengthening accessibility to the target population by constructing intervention strategies in accordance with the particularities and needs of the patients treated in transplant care services.
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